Every ostrich needs a nest. So do I.
There are many posts that illustrate how to create a Hexo-driven blog hosted on Github. However, when it comes to personal VPS, such step-to-step tutorial vanishes. Since I need to use
shadowsocks to access the outside world beyond the wall, I happen to own a VPS provided by Bandwagon. So I do not need to(also not willing to) use Github to store the static webpages. As a result, this website is deployed on my personal VPS(Ubuntu 16.04). And here are some of the crucial procedures I have taken to build this website(my own nest):
Hexo provides multiple deployment strategies. And I choose to use git together with post-receive hook to deploy my website to the remote server.
The general workflow of my blog is pretty simple. After the static webpages are generated on my local machine, they will go through the following procedures to reach the working directory of the remote Nginx web server:
- local computer → push → git repository on remote server
- post-receive git hook script → copy → Nginx directory
First of all, I need to edit the deployment settings in
_config.yml on my local machine.
Then I need to add the corresponding
git user on the remote server.
Copy the SSH key to the server.
ssh-copy-id -p ssh_port firstname.lastname@example.org's.ip.address
Create a git repository named
# login with git user
Edit the post-receive git hook script.
To ensure that the
git user holds sufficient permissions to perform write operations in the web server directory, I decided to add
git user to
sudo usermod git -aG www-data
Then I set the permissions to make sure that all the members in the
www-data group can read and write all files in
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www
Maintaining subdomains using Nginx is pretty simple. Just create/edit the configuration files in
sites-available folder. Each subdomain should be assigned an independent root directory. Then, create the corresponding symlinks of configuration files in the
sites-enabled folder to enable the subdomains.
Since I only have a homepage
zzhou612.com and a subdomain
blog.zzhou612.com, the structure of my web server directory looks like this:
certbot, which can “automatically enable HTTPS on your website, deploying Let’s Encrypt certificates”.
Detailed instructions can be checked on the official website of